Costa Rica, literally "Rich Coast", officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers (19,714 square miles). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.
The sovereign state is a unitary presidential constitutional republic. It is known for its long-standing and stable democracy, and for its highly educated workforce, most of whom speak English. The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%. Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.
Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the United Provinces of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.
The country has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 63rd in the world as of 2017, among the highest of any Latin American nation. It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human development and inequality than the median of the region.
Costa Rica also has progressive environmental policies. It is the only country to meet all five UNDP criteria established to measure environmental sustainability. It was ranked 42nd in the world, and third in the Americas, in the 2016 Environmental Performance Index, and was twice ranked the best performing country in the New Economics Foundation's (NEF) Happy Planet Index, which measures environmental sustainability, and was identified by the NEF as the greenest country in the world in 2009. Costa Rica plans to become a carbon-neutral country by 2021. By 2019, 99.62% of its electricity was generated from green sources particularly hydro, wind, geothermal and solar.
Retirement. Show proof of monthly income from a qualified pension plan of at least US$ 1.000,- per month. No right to work.
Receiving guaranteed, unearned income of US$2,500 per month from investments, savings or other sources, guaranteed to be received for at least a period of 24 months. Withdrawing US$ 2,500 per month from an account with at least US$60,000 of cash is also allowed. No right to work.
US$ 100,000 Investment in a qualified forestry plantation project.
Business Investment: US$ 200,000 Commercial Real Estate Investment or Investment in any type of Costa Rican business.
Real Estate Investment
Real Estate Investment: US$ 200,000 Non-Commercial Real Estate Investment
Capital: San José
Currency: Costa Rican Colón
Continent: North America
Free Trade Agreements: Central America - EU, Central America - EFTA, Central America - Mexico, Costa Rica - Colombia, Costa Rica - Peru, Costa Rica - China, Costa Rica - Singapore, CARICOM, Central America - Panama, Costa Rica - Canada, Central America - Chile, Central America - Dominican Republic
Residency: 6 Months
Visa Free Travel
Cost of Living
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